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In the town of Blois, southwest of Paris, Jews are falsely accused of committing ritual murder ((killing of a Christian child) and blood libel. The Church's Fourth Lateran Council decrees that Jews be differentiated from others by their type of clothing to avoid intercourse between Jews and Christians.
The adult Jews of the city are arrested and most are executed after refusing to convert. Jews are sometimes required to wear a badge; sometimes a pointed hat.
Pope Martin V issues a bull reminding Christians that Christianity was derived from Judaism and warns the Friars not to incite against the Jews.
In a special session, the Vienna city council forced Jews to wear the Pileum cornutum, a cone-shaped headress prevelent in many medieval woodcuts illustrating Jews.
This form of distinctive dress was an additon to badge Jews were forced to wear.
Heraclius' decree remained in effect until the Muslim conquest of Jerusalem.
The Jewish tribe Kaibar defends itself against Muslim forces, negotiating a settlement in which half of their crops would go to Mohammed in exchange for peace.